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For Naturalization and Citizenship

Becoming a legal citizen and fighting for your rights can be a long and stressful process if you don’t have the right guidance in front of you. Work with a proven Orlando immigration attorney such as Mr. Yakzan to ensure your needs are met and your worries are forgotten. Attorney Yakzan is a naturalization lawyer who strives to help you achieve your goal of naturalization.

He also represented clients in N-400 petitions as well as in N-336 appeals when their applications were denied. Let’s talk today about how we can help you reach your American Dream®™!

Employment-Based Immigrant Visas

INA allows for employment-based immigrant visas. Eligibility for these visas depends on the person’s background, education, employment history, and type of employment. Five categories allow for such classification. Some of these categories require a labor certification from the Department of Labor, and some do not.

First Preference Employment Category (EB-1)
under INA §203(b)(1)

INA §203(b)(1)

Aliens with Extraordinary Ability INA 203(b)(1)(A)

This immigrant visa is available for immigrants with exceptional ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics who have attained national or international acclaim through extensive documentation. These individuals must seek entry to continue their work in the field of extraordinary ability. Lastly, the entry of these individuals would benefit the United States.

Even though the regulations do not require this, documentation of such benefits may be beneficial. These individuals do not need an employer but must intend to continue their work in the United States, as per INA §204(a)(1); 8 CFR §204.5(h)(5). Congress intended these visas for a small percentage of persons who have risen to the very top of their field of endeavor.

Evidence must include:

  1. Evidence of one-time achievement such as a major internationally recognized award (Noble Prize)
  2. Documentation of any three of the following:
    • Receipt of lesser nationally or internationally recognized prizes or award
    • Membership in an association in the field for which classification is sought which requires achievements by their members
    • Published materials about the person in professional or major trade publications
    • Participation as a judge of the works of others
    • Evidence of original scientific, scholastic, artistic, athletic, or business-related contributions
    • Authorship of scholarly articles in the field
    • Artistic exhibitions or showcases
    • Performance in a leading or critical role for organizations or establishments that have a distinguished reputation
    • High salary or remuneration in relations to others in the field
    • Commercial success in the performing arts

Submission of evidence proving three of these categories is not dispositive and United States Immigration and Naturalization Services must still make a final determination of eligibility. The Burden of proof is on the applicant and must be shown by a preponderance of the evidence, as per Matter of Chawathe, 25 I&N Dec. 369 (AAO 2010).

Outstanding Professors and Researchers
under INA §203(b)(1)(B)

INA §203(b)(1)(B)

These immigrants must be recognized internationally as outstanding in a specific academic area. They must stand apart through distinction based on international recognition. The person may have three years of experience in teaching or research in his or her area and must seek entry for one of the following reasons:

  • A tenure or tenure track position within a university or institution of higher education
  • A comparable position at a university
  • A comparable position to conduct research for a private employer if the latter employs three full-time researchers.

The offer for employment must be indefinite or for an unlimited duration. An applicant must submit evidence of at least two of these things:

  • Receipt of major prizes or awards
  • Membership in an association which requires outstanding achievement
  • Published materials in professional publications written about the applicant
  • Evidence of judging the work of others
  • Evidence of original scientific research
  • Authorship or articles or books in the field

Under 8 CFR §204.5(i)(2), a full course of study is defined as a body of specialized knowledge offered for study at a US university. USCIS would employ the same process mentioned above to determine eligibility. The employer must have the ability to pay the employee.

Multinational Executives and Managers INA §203(b)(1)(C)

INA §203(b)(1)(C)

The immigrant must have been employed abroad for one year (in the last three years) by the firm, legal entity, or subsidiary. As per 8 CFR §204.5(j)(2), subsidiaries can be joint ventures if they have equal control and veto power. The Petitioner must show the corporate relationship and that the company will continue to exist after the beneficiary immigrates.

A Beneficiary must come to the US to continue working for the same employer while the company must be doing business in the United States for one year. Under INA §101(a)(4), managerial and executive capacity is defined as having the capability where the employee can personally:

  • Manages the organization, department, subdivision, function, or components
  • Supervises and controls the work of other supervisory, professional, or managerial staff
  • Has authority to hire and fire employees and other subordinates
  • Exercises discretion over day-to-day operations of the activity or function

Executive capacity is defined as an assignment in an organization in which the beneficiary can personally:

  • Directs the management of the organization
  • Establishes goals and policies
  • Exercises wide latitude in discretionary decisions
  • Receives only generalized supervision or direction from high-level executive, board of directors, or stockholders
Second Preference (EB-2) INA §203(b)(2)

INA §203(b)(2)

This preference category is for professionals with advanced degrees or immigrants with exceptional abilities. The advanced degree must be higher than a bachelor’s and could be met by a BA and work experience. The position that the beneficiary would occupy must require an advanced degree, and the person must possess the qualifications, as defined in INA §101(a)(32).

National Interest Waivers are available for people who would enrich the United States. A person whose jobs are on Schedule A does not have to test the labor market and does not have a job offer at the time of adjudication of the I-485.

Bachelor’s Degree Plus Five Years of Experience:

A bachelor’s degree with five years of progressive experience is the equivalent of a MA degree, as per 8 CFR §204.5(k)(3)(i)(B). Congressional intent shows that a person with this combination has the equivalent of an advanced degree.

USCIS policy is that the BA cannot be met by a combination of experience and education but can be met by a combination of education. The five years of progressive experience must involve more responsibility and knowledge in the field of specialty.

Definition of Exceptional Ability:

It is stated as a degree of expertise significantly above the level ordinarily encountered, as per Matter of Kim, 12 I&N Dec. 758 (AV 1968). The applicant must show proof of three of the following:

  • Degree relating to the area of specialty
  • Letter from employers showing 10 years of experience
  • Licenses to practice a profession
  • The applicant commanded a salary demonstrating exceptional ability
  • Membership in a professional association
  • Recognition for achievement and significant contributions to the industry

Comparable evidence might be submitted including expert opinion letters, as indicated in 8 CFR §204.5(k)(3)(iii). This includes athletes and entertainers. The two steps process in Kazarian is used to show exceptional ability.

National Interest Waivers (NIW):

This waiver is available under INA §203(B)(2)(B). The employer or the applicant can sign the petition, as per Matter of Dhanasar, 26 I&N Dec. 884 (AAO 2016). To qualify for the waiver, the beneficiary must submit an ETA-9089 with a statement supporting the waiver claim.

According to 8 CFR §204.5(k)(4)(ii), the waiver is only available for EB-2 petitions. In Dhanasar, at 889 no. 9, the AAO issued new categories for the waiver. Under the ruling, the applicant must show 1) the proposed endeavor has national importance and substantial merit; 2) he or she is well-positioned to advance the endeavor, and 3) it would be beneficial for the United States to waive the labor certification.


Physicians may qualify for a Physician National Interest Waivers (PNIW) while international medical graduates (IMGs) are precluded from entering the United States. However, the ground of inadmissibility does not apply in these situations:

  1. Applicant possesses a certificate from the Educational Commission on Foreign Medical Graduates, is competent in English, and passed the clinical skills assessment examination. 8 CFR §214.2(h)(viii)(B)
  2. Doctor of international or national renown
  3. Not entering the United States to become a doctor, including professors, persons entering under another preference category, or when he or she enters as an asylee.

Under INA §203(b)(2)(B)(ii), if the physician is entering the US under an offer of employment, the physician must obtain a labor certification or a national interest waiver. Some physicians may work in an underserved area to overcome the J-2 two-years requirement. To obtain this benefit, the physician must show the following as per 8 CFR §214.2(a)-(c):

  1. He or she must work in a health shortage area or for the VA
  2. A federal or state agency must determine that the employment would be in the national interest
  3. He or she must work in the area for five years before he or she becomes eligible for adjustment of status or immigrant visa

A foreign medical graduate may also apply under the regular labor certification process, as indicated in 8 CFR §214.2(a)-(c).

Third Preference Employment Category (EB-3) INA §203(b)(3)

INA §203(b)(3)

This category includes three types of immigrants:

  1. Professionals: Holder of Baccalaureate degree or foreign equivalents and professionals
  2. Skilled workers: For immigrants with full-time job offers and which requires at least two years of training or work experience
  3. Other workers

A labor certification is needed for these immigrants since a National Interest Waiver is not available but some of these occupations may fall under Schedule A.

Fourth Preference (EB-4) Special immigrants
under INA §203(b)(4)

INA §203(b)(4)

This category includes several immigrants, including returning residents, persons reacquiring US citizenship, and religious workers.

Returning residents are those who did not abandon their residence but do not have a valid I-551 card. This category also includes commuters from borders who are Lawful Permanent Residents who live in Canada or Mexico and commute to the United States. Residents would file form DS-117 with all supporting evidence to show that they did not abandon her residence. They would be issued an SB-1 Immigrant Visa.

Religious Workers Who:
  1. For two years immediately preceding the petition has been a member of a religious denomination that has a bona fide, non-profit, religious purposes
  2. The person seeks to enter the US to work for at least 35 hours as a minister or a religious worker
  3. The person has been working as a minister or a religious vocation in the United States or abroad for at least two years immediately preceding the petition. The two years do not have to be in legal status. Once the two years are established and the I-360 is approved, the person may adjust if he has been out of status for less than 180 days. Some breaks in the two years are allowed as long as:
    1. The applicant was still employed in a religious denomination
    2. The break did not exceed two years
    3. The purpose was to further religious education
    4. The applicant was still a member of the denomination. The employment must be either full-time or continuous. To meet the two years requirement the person should have been compensated.
Special Immigrant Juveniles (SIJ):

This is a hybrid between state dependency laws and the immigration laws of the United States. The requirements for this type of classification are as follows:

  1. The child has to be under 21 at the time of filing the I-360
  2. Has been declared dependent by a state court before he turned 18
  3. Whose reunification with one of his or her parents is not a viable option
  4. In his or her best interest not to be returned to the parent’s country of citizenship
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